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Home » Top 10 largest Economies In The World in 2023 Top 10 List, Rank & Country, GDP (USD billion)

Top 10 largest Economies In The World in 2023 Top 10 List, Rank & Country, GDP (USD billion)

Top 10 largest Economies In The World

Top 10 largest Economies In The World According to GDP data, the largest economies in the world in 2023 are the United States of America, China, Japan, Germany, and India. GDP is a crucial measure for evaluating a country’s economic size. The traditional method of determining a nation’s GDP involves the expenditure approach, which calculates the total by summing expenditure on new consumer goods, investments, government spending, and the net value of exports. The objective of this article is to offer an understanding of the top ten economies globally in 2023, listed according to their Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Top 10 Largest Economies in the World 2023

What are the leading 5 countries in terms of GDP globally? In 2023, the positions of these countries are held by the US, China, Japan, Germany, and India. Now, let’s examine the top 10 biggest economies/ wealthiest nations worldwide in 2023.

Rank & Country GDP (USD billion) GDP Per Capita (USD thousand)
1 United States Of America (U.S.A) 26,954 80.41
2 China 17,786 12.54
3 Japan 4,231 33.95
4 Germany 4,430 52.82
5 India 3,730 2.61
6 United Kingdom (U.K.) 3,332 48.91
7 France 3,052 46.32
8 Italy 2,190 37.15
9 Brazil 2,132 10.41
10 Canada 2,122 53.25

What are the Next 10 Economies

Rank & Country GDP (USD billion)
11 Russia 1,860
12 Mexico 1,810
13 South Korea 1,710
14 Australia 1,690
15 Spain 1,580
16 Indonesia 1,420
17 Netherlands 1,090
18 Saudi Arabia 1,070
19 Switzerland 905.68
20 Poland 842.17

Top 10 largest Economies In The World

The United States of America

  • GDP: $26,954 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $80,410
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 1.6%

From 1960 to 2023, the United States has maintained its position as the leading global economy and wealthiest nation. Its economy is characterized by remarkable diversity, driven by key sectors such as services, manufacturing, finance, and technology. The United States also benefits from a significant consumer market, encourages innovation and an entrepreneurial mindset, possesses robust infrastructure, and enjoys favorable business conditions.


  • GDP: $17,786 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $12,540
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 5.2%

China’s economic progress has experienced a significant increase, rising from the fourth position in 1960 to the second position in 2023. The Chinese economy heavily relies on manufacturing, exports, and investment. It boasts a large workforce, strong government support, infrastructure improvements, and a rapidly growing consumer market.


  • GDP: $4,231 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $33,950
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 1.3%

Japan’s remarkable economy is known for its advanced technology, strong manufacturing sector, and thriving service industry. Key industries include automotive, electronics, machinery, and finance. Additionally, Japan is recognized for its steadfast work ethic, innovative technological developments, and outstanding export of high-quality goods.


  • GDP: $4,430 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $52,820
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: -0.1%

The German economy places a strong emphasis on exporting its goods and is well-known for its precision in industries such as engineering, automotive, chemical, and pharmaceutical. It benefits from having a skilled workforce, robust efforts in research and development, and a clear dedication to promoting innovation.


  • GDP: $3,730 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita (Nominal): $2,610
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 5.9%

In 2023, India holds the 5th position in terms of global GDP rankings. The Indian economy is characterized by its diversity and rapid growth, driven by important sectors like information technology, services, agriculture, and manufacturing. The country takes advantage of its extensive domestic market, a skilled and technologically proficient workforce, and a growing middle class.

United Kingdom

  • GDP: $3,332 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $48,910
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: -0.3%

The United Kingdom’s economy is a combination of various sectors, including services, manufacturing, finance, and creative industries. London plays a significant role as a global financial hub, attracting foreign investments. The economic growth of the UK is also influenced by its trade partnerships and the process of globalization.


  • GDP: $3,052 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $46,320
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 0.7%

In 2023, it is anticipated that France will possess a GDP amounting to approximately 2,920 billion US dollars. The French economy is distinguished by its wide range of industries such as aerospace, tourism, luxury goods, and agriculture. France has gained recognition for its strong social welfare system, extensive infrastructure, and significant commitment to research and development.


  • GDP: $2,190 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $37,150
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 0.7%

Italy is recognized for its advanced market as the third-largest economy in the European Union. The country is renowned for its influential and innovative business sector, as well as its hardworking and competitive agricultural industry.


  • GDP: $2,132 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $10,510
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 0.9%

Brazil’s economy showcases a wide range of industries, including agriculture, mining, manufacturing, and services. It is particularly renowned as a significant global center for agricultural production and export. The growth of Brazil’s economy is influenced by various factors such as commodity prices, domestic consumption, and the development of infrastructure.


  • GDP: $2,122 billion
  • GDP By Country Per Capita: $53,250
  • Annual GDP Growth Rate: 1.5%

Canada’s economy is heavily dependent on its vast natural resources, which include oil, gas, minerals, and timber. Additionally, the country has a successful services sector, a well-established manufacturing industry, and a strong commitment to promoting innovation and technological progress.

Frequently Asked Questions

How is Gross Domestic Product (GDP) computed?

GDP is calculated by adding together consumer spending (expenditure by individuals), government spending, business investment (expenditure by companies), and net exports (the discrepancy between exports and imports).

What are the top 10 poorest countries in the world?

The top 10 poorest countries in the world by GDP per capita are:South Sudan

  • Burundi
  • Central African Republic
  • Somalia
  • Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Mozambique
  • Niger
  • Malawi
  • Chad
  • Liberia

What is the largest economy in Asia?

China, with a nominal GDP exceeding $19,374 billion in 2023, holds the title of the largest economy in Asia. Following closely behind China in the GDP rankings in Asia are Japan and India.

What are the top 10 richest countries in the world?

The countries with the highest GDP per capita, making them the top 10 wealthiest nations in the world, include Ireland.

  • Luxembourg
  • Singapore
  • Qatar
  • Macao SAR
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Switzerland
  • Norway
  • United States
  • San Marino

Which are the top 10 biggest economies in the world?

The Top 10 Biggest Economies In The World Are: The US, China, Japan, Germany, India, The UK, France, Italy, Canada, And Brazil.

Which is the world’s biggest economy?

The Biggest Economy In The World Is The United States Of America. Its GDP Of 25 Trillion Dollars Is The Highest In The World.

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